Financed by the Commonwealth fund in New York, the Rutherford County Health Department building was constructed in 1931 in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. In 1924 the New York Commonwealth fund decided to establish four health care models in the nation. The goal was to reshape small community organizations while demonstrating a working relationship between the state and local governments and national foundations. Rutherford County, Tennessee was one of the four chosen nationwide. The promotion of children’s health and personal hygiene were at the forefront of the campaign. Parades about immunizations and milk pasteurization filled the Main Streets of Murfreesboro and Smyrna, Tennessee, encouraging locals to get involved. The Rutherford County Health Department set the standards for the rest of the state. They helped to promote statewide public health programs and the training of health care professionals. The Rutherford County Health Department Collection has an abundance of historical images of Rutherford County dating back to 1924 before the building was even established. Some of the images in this collection have never been viewed before by the public and are unique only to this collection which is appropriate, for it was a unique facility in itself.